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Schall v. Martin

Significance, Juvenile System Of Justice, Is Teenage Preventive Detention Legal?, Impact, Curfews For Juveniles


Schall, Commissioner of New York City Department of Juvenile Justice


Gregory Martin, Luis Rosario, Kenneth Morgan

Appellant's Claim

That pretrial preventive detention of juveniles under New York's Family Court Act does not violate the "fundamental fairness" requirement of the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

Judith A. Gordon, Assistant Attorney General of New York

Chief Lawyer for Appellees

Martin Guggenheim

Justices for the Court

Harry A. Blackmun, Warren E. Burger, Sandra Day O'Connor, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., William H. Rehnquist (writing for the Court), Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, John Paul Stevens


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

4 June 1984


Upheld the state of New York's claim and overturned two lower courts' decisions banning pretrial detention of juveniles.

Related Cases

  • In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967).
  • McKeiver v. Pennsylvania, 403 U.S. 528 (1971).
  • Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520 (1979).
  • Reno v. Flores, 507 U.S. 292 (1993).


Court Decisions--Juvenile Curfews, http://www.mrsc.org/legal/curfew/courtcur.htm.

Keeping Our Kids on the Right Track, http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/rttrack.htm.

The Seattle Times, http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/altcurf_040797.html.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1981 to 1988