Historical Perspective, Contemporary Jails, Jail Structure And Design Characteristics, Jail Populations, Characteristics Of Jail Inmates
Jails are locally administered, short-term confinement facilities, usually run by the county sheriff or city police, which typically hold persons awaiting trial or other proceedings, as well as convicted offenders serving sentences of one year or less. The transiency and diversity of jail inmate populations cause significant problems for jail administrators, and many believe that local control compounds these (Mattick, pp. 830–835). Yet local control and diverse jail functions have deep historical roots, and are not easily changed.
EDITH E. FLYNN
See also BAIL; CRIMINALIZATION AND DECRIMINALIZATION; CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS; CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM; PRETRIAL DIVERSION; PRISONERS, LEGAL RIGHTS OF; PRISONS: HISTORY; PRISONS: PRISONERS; PRISONS: PRISONS FOR WOMEN; PRISONS: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS; SPEEDY TRIAL.
Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520 (1979).
Brenneman v. Madigan, 343 F. Supp. 128 (N.D. Cal. 1972).
Jones v. Wittenberg, 323 F. Supp. 93 (N.D. Ohio 1971).
Moore v. Janing, No. C-72-0-223 (D. Neb. 1976).
Trop v. Dulles, 356 U.S. 86 (1958).
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