Legal Rights of Prisoners - History Of Prisoners' Rights, The Hands-off Period, The Beginnings Of Prisoners' Rights Lawâ€”the Civil Rights Era
Americans live in a time of the greatest prison expansion in the modern history. By the close of 2000, almost two million adults were imprisoned at an operational cost that exceeds over $38 billion dollars a year. Minorities are represented in the prison population in percentages that far exceed their representation in the general population. African Americans comprise less than 13 percent of the U.S. population, yet 48 percent of the prison population is African American. With so many people in prison and with so much spent to keep them there, the rights of prisoners takes added significance. An additional factor is that every year more than a half million men and women prisoners are released. The treatment these people received in prison—whether it conforms to constitutional norms or not—will have consequences. It could very well mean the difference between having prisoners return to their communities embittered or having them return ready to begin law-abiding lives.
This entry will trace the history of prisoners' rights, and will provide a general description of the current state of the law. This review provides a context for considering the likely direction of future developments.
MICHAEL B. MUSHLIN
See also CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: LEGAL ASPECTS; CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: MORALITY, POLITICS, AND POLICY; CONVICTION: CIVIL DISABILITIES; CORPORAL PUNISHMENT; CORRECTIONAL REFORM ASSOCIATIONS; CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT; INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE STANDARDS; JAILS; PRISONS: CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS; PRISONS: PRISONERS; PRISONS: PRISONS FOR WOMEN; PRISONS: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS; PROBATION AND PAROLE: PROCEDURAL PROTECTION; SENTENCING: ALLOCATION OF AUTHORITY.
- Prisons: Correctional Officers - The C.o. And Rule Enforcement, Organizational Culture, Changes In The Correctional Officer Role
- Prevention: Police Role - Environmental Criminology, Community Crime Prevention, Conclusion, Bibliography
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - History Of Prisoners' Rights
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - The Hands-off Period
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - The Beginnings Of Prisoners' Rights Lawâ€”the Civil Rights Era
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - Elaboration And Retrenchment
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - The Supreme Court
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - The Prison Litigation Reform Act Of 1995
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - Conclusion
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - Bibliography
- Legal Rights of Prisoners - Cases
- Other Free Encyclopedias