Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects
State Legislative Innovations, Early Constitutional Intervention, Constitutional Abolition In Furman V. Georgia, Post-furman Constitutional Regulation
Until the twentieth century, the law of capital punishment in the United States was almost entirely in the hands of individual states. State legislatures could decide whether to have capital statutes at all, what crimes to render eligible for capital punishment, what procedures to follow in capital trials, and what methods of execution to use. The federal legislature—Congress—also exercised similar policy discretion over the use of capital punishment for federal crimes. However, criminal law has always been primarily the province of state as opposed to federal power, and the vast majority of American executions have been conducted by states rather than by the federal government.
CAROL S. STEIKER
See also CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: MORALITY, POLITICS, AND POLICY; CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT; HABEAS CORPUS; HOMICIDE: LEGAL ASPECTS; JUVENILES IN THE ADULT SYSTEM; JUVENILE VIOLENT OFFENDERS; MENTALLY DISORDERED OFFENDERS; RACE AND CRIME; SENTENCING: ALLOCATION OF AUTHORITY; SENTENCING: ALTERNATIVES; SENTENCING: DISPARITY; SENTENCING: GUIDELINES; SENTENCING: MANDATORY AND MANDATORY MINIMUM SENTENCES; SENTENCING: PRESENTENCE REPORT; SENTENCING: PROCEDURAL PROTECTION; VICTIMS' RIGHTS.
- Capital Punishment: Morality, Politics, and Policy - The Death Penalty In America, 1793â€“1982, Current Status, Capital Crimes, Public Opinion, Administration
- Capital Punishment
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - State Legislative Innovations
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Early Constitutional Intervention
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Constitutional Abolition In Furman V. Georgia
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Post-furman Constitutional Regulation
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Growing Concerns About Fairness And Reliability
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Bibliography
- Capital Punishment: Legal Aspects - Cases
- Other Free Encyclopedias