Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders
Individualized Treatments, Early Intervention, Older Youths, Community, Juvenile Justice, Evaluation, Conclusion
If a program prevents the first delinquent act, the social harm associated with subsequent delinquency can be avoided. To deliver on this promise, however, prevention programs must be effective and targeted to those most likely to offend. Evaluation research has challenged the effectiveness of prevention efforts, prompting one careful reviewer to conclude: "Prevention projects don't work and they waste money, violate the rights of juveniles and their families, inspire bizarre suggestions and programs, and fail to affect the known correlates of urban delinquency . . . it is time to get out of the business of attempting to prevent delinquency" (Lundman, p. 245). In contrast to this appraisal, another careful examination concludes that such efforts "show promise in their potential for helping participants and having positive spillover effects for other members of society" (Karoly et al., p. 107).
The differences in these assessments reflect the different programs, outcomes, and evaluation procedures examined. This entry critically examines prevention efforts and their evaluation, and identifies the most promising new approaches. Early attempts, such as the 1825 opening of the New York House of Refuge and sixteenth-century British Poor Laws, aimed to prevent delinquency by housing a population one would today characterize as "at-risk youth." Since this time alternative approaches have emerged, including individualized treatment, early childhood intervention, and programs targeting adolescents, low-income communities, and youths in the juvenile justice system.
See also EDUCATION AND CRIME; FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND CRIME; JUVENILE AND YOUTH GANGS; JUVENILE JUSTICE: HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY; JUVENILE JUSTICE: COMMUNITY TREATMENT; JUVENILE JUSTICE: INSTITUTIONS; JUVENILE JUSTICE: JUVENILE COURT; JUVENILES IN THE ADULT SYSTEM; JUVENILE STATUS OFFENDERS; JUVENILE VIOLENT OFFENDERS; POLICE: HANDLING OF JUVENILES; PREDICTION OF CRIME AND RECIDIVISM; SCHOOLS AND CRIME.
- Prevention: Police Role - Environmental Criminology, Community Crime Prevention, Conclusion, Bibliography
- Prevention: Environmental and Technological Strategies - Environmental Determinism And Crime, Selection, Opportunities, Constraints, And Defensible Space, Social Reaction And Offensible Space
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Individualized Treatments
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Early Intervention
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Older Youths
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Community
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Juvenile Justice
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Evaluation
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Conclusion
- Prevention: Juveniles as Potential Offenders - Bibliography
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