United States v. Virginia
Significance, Sex Discrimination At V.m.i., History Repeats Itself, A Catch -22
Commonwealth of Virginia, Governor Lawrence Douglas Wilder; Virginia Military Institute, et al.
That the male-only admissions policy of the state-supported Virginia Military Institute (V.M.I.) violated the Fourteenth Amendment.
Chief Lawyer for Petitioner
Paul Bender, U.S. Deputy Solicitor General
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Theodore B. Olsen
Justices for the Court
Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg (writing for the Court), Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, William H. Rehnquist, David H. Souter, John Paul Stevens
Antonin Scalia (Clarence Thomas did not participate)
Date of Decision
26 June 1996
Excluding women from state-supported schools was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
- Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971).
- Frontiero v. Richardson, 411 U.S. 677 (1973).
- Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976).
- Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan, 458 U.S. 718 (1982).
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