Kahn v. Shevin
The Facts Of The Case, The Lower Courts Rule, The Supreme Court Decides, Dissenting Opinions
Robert L. Shevin, et al.
That a Florida law granting a tax exemption to widows but not widowers was unconstitutional.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
Sydney H. McKenzie III
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Justices for the Court
Harry A. Blackmun, Warren E. Burger, William O. Douglas (writing for the Court), Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Potter Stewart, William H. Rehnquist
William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, Byron R. White
Date of Decision
24 April 1974
Florida's granting of tax benefits to widows but not widowers was found to be valid under the Constitution.
The Supreme Court's decision in Kahn v. Shevin validated the use of gender classifications in instances where lawmakers are trying to achieve benevolent social goals.
The Supreme Court's decision in Kahn v. Shevin upheld benevolent gender classifications and was a benchmark for many similar cases to follow. Often the Court reaffirmed the opinion set forth here; at other times, it used Kahn v. Shevin as an example of the right way to wrote gender classifications into law in order to strike down other, less constitutionally valid attempts to do so.
- Schlesinger v. Ballard, 419 U.S. 498 (1975).
- Weinberger v. Wiesenfeld, 420 U.S. 636 (1975).
- Califano v. Goldfarb, 430 U.S. 199 (1977).
- Califano v. Webster, 430 U.S. 313 (1977).
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- Kahn v. Shevin - Further Readings
- Kahn v. Shevin - The Facts Of The Case
- Kahn v. Shevin - The Lower Courts Rule
- Kahn v. Shevin - The Supreme Court Decides
- Kahn v. Shevin - Dissenting Opinions
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