Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Significance, Higher Courts' Decisions, Higher Courts' Decisions Affirmed, Impact, Privileges And Immunities Clause: Residency Requirements
Supreme Court of Virginia, et al.
Myrna E. Friedman, et al.
The Virginia Supreme Court Rule 1A:1 required an applicant to be a resident of Virginia for admission to the Virginia Bar. Appellants claimed that this residency requirement did not violate the Privileges and Immunities Clause of the Constitution.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
Gregory E. Lucyk
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
Cornish F. Hitchcock
Justices for the Court
Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Jr., Anthony M. Kennedy (writing for the Court), Thurgood Marshall, Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens, Byron R. White
William H. Rehnquist, Antonin Scalia
Date of Decision
20 June 1988
The Supreme Court affirmed the court of appeals decision that the residency requirement of the Virginia Rule violated the Privileges and Immunities Clause.
- Ward v. Maryland, 12 Wall 418 (1871).
- Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973).
- Baldwin v. Montana Fish & Game Comm., 436 U.S. 371 (1978).
- Hicklin v. Orbeck, 437 U.S. 518 (1978).
- Supreme Court of New Hampshire v. Piper, 470 U.S. 274 (1985).
West's Encyclopedia of American Law. Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN: West Publishing, 1998.
- Illinois State Bar Association. "ISBA Advisory Opinion on Professional Conduct." Courts Bulletin and Opinions. 1997. http://www.illinoisbar.org/CourtsBull/EthicsOpinions/92-06.html.
- Thomas v. Review Board of the Indiana Employment Security Division - Significance, The Lower Court Rulings, The Supreme Court Decides
- Supreme Court of New Hampshire v. Piper - Rights Of Non-residents, The Privileges And Immunities Of United States Citizens, Variety Of Opinions
- Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Significance
- Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Higher Courts' Decisions
- Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Higher Courts' Decisions Affirmed
- Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Impact
- Supreme Court of Virginia v. Friedman - Privileges And Immunities Clause: Residency Requirements
- Other Free Encyclopedias