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California v. Hodari D.

Significance, When Questioning Is Seizure, An Erosion Of Fourth Amendment Rights?, Impact


State of California


Hodari D.

Petitioner's Claim

That police officials' use of materials discarded by a fleeing suspect prior to a warrantless arrest does not violate Fourth Amendment search and seizure standards.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioner

Kenneth Winston Starr, U.S. Solicitor General

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Paul L. Hoffman

Justices for the Court

Anthony M. Kennedy, William H. Rehnquist (writing for the Court), Antonin Scalia, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas, Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

Harry A. Blackmun, Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

15 June 1992


Upheld California's claim and overturned a lower court's decision prohibiting use of evidence obtained without a search warrant prior to illegal seizure of the suspect.

Related Cases

  • Alberty v. United States, 162 U.S. 499 (1896).
  • Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967).
  • Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968).
  • Florida v. Royer, 460 U.S. 491 (1983).
  • United States v. Mendenhall, 446 U.S. 544 (1988).
  • Florida v. Bostick, 501 U.S. 429 (1991).

Further Readings

  • Biskupic, Joan, and Elder Witt. Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, 1997.
  • LaFave, Wayne R. Search and Seizure: A Treatise on the Fourth Amendment, 3rd Edition. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1996.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1989 to 1994