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Martinez v. Bynum - Significance, An 8-1 Decision, Marshall Dissents, Impact, Related Cases

texas free court petitioner


Oralia Martinez


Raymond L. Bynum

Petitioner's Claim

The Texas Education Code 21.031(d) violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment because it denied tuition-free public schooling to minors who were living away from a "parent, guardian, or other person having lawful control of him" for the sole purpose of attending "public, free schools" in the state of Texas.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioner

Edward J. Tuddenham

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Richard L. Arnett

Justices for the Court

Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Jr., Warren E. Burger, Sandra Day O'Connor, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., (writing for the Court), William H. Rehnquist, John Paul Stevens, Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

Thurgood Marshall


Washington D.C.

Date of Decision

2 May 1983


The Supreme Court held that Texas Education Code did not violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. States were permitted by the Constitution to extend the availability of tuition-free education only to bona fide residents.

Further Readings

Maryland v. Garrison - Significance, Latitude For Honest Mistakes Made By Officers, Evidence Against The Victim Of Police Error Should Not Be Used [next] [back] Marsh v. Chambers - Significance, Is There An American Civil Religion?, A Nation In Change, Impact, Further Readings

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