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Oregon v. Mathiason - Significance, A Violation Of Miranda?, The Court Clarifies Miranda, Unfaithful To Miranda?, Impact

person petitioner decision free

Petitioner

State of Oregon

Respondent

Carl Ray Mathiason

Petitioner's Claim

That the Fifth Amendment right to be free from self-incrimination does not require police to give Miranda warnings to a person who is not under arrest and is not deprived of freedom of action.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioner

W. Michael Gillette

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Gary D. Babcock

Justices for the Court

Harry A. Blackmun, Warren E. Burger, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., William H. Rehnquist, Potter Stewart, Byron R. White (unsigned)

Justices Dissenting

William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, John Paul Stevens

Place

Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

25 January 1977

Decision

Law enforcement personnel need not read Miranda rights to a person before interviewing and receiving a confession from the person provided the person is not under arrest and is free to leave, even if the person is at a police station.

Related Cases

  • Miranda v. Arizona, 348 U.S. 436 (1966).
  • Michigan v. Tucker, 417 U.S. 433 (1974).
  • New York v. Quarles, 467 U.S. 649 (1984).
  • Moran v. Burbine, 475 U.S. 412 (1986).
  • Withrow v. Williams, 507 U.S. 680 (1993).

Sources

Knappman, Edward W., ed. Great American Trials. Detroit, MI: Visible Ink Press, 1994.

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