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International Shoe Co. v. State of Washington

Corporations, People, And Legal Fictions

Legally, a corporation is considered a person under U.S. law. That is why corporations are covered by laws that govern personal jurisdiction. As Chief Justice Stone recalled in his majority decision for International Shoe, " . . . the corporate personality is a fiction, although a fiction intended to be acted upon as though it were a fact." Under our federal system, the Constitution treats each state as its own sovereignty. Therefore, when talking about International Shoe--a U.S. company--the Court nevertheless referred to it as "a foreign corporation," meaning "foreign" to the state of Washington.

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Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1941 to 1953International Shoe Co. v. State of Washington - Significance, Corporations, People, And Legal Fictions, Minimum Contacts And Personal Jurisdiction, An Important Precedent