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International Shoe Co. v. State of Washington - Significance, Corporations, People, And Legal Fictions, Minimum Contacts And Personal Jurisdiction, An Important Precedent

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International Shoe Company


State of Washington

Appellant's Claim

As a Delaware-based corporation whose factory was located in Missouri, International Shoe was not liable to pay into the state unemployment compensation fund in the state of Washington.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

Henry C. Lowenhaupt

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

George W. Wilkins, Assistant Attorney General of the State of Washington

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, Frank Murphy, Stanley Forman Reed, Owen Josephus Roberts, Wiley Blount Rutledge, Harlan Fiske Stone (writing for the Court)

Justices Dissenting

None (Robert H. Jackson did not participate)


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

3 December 1945


That International Shoe was liable to pay state unemployment tax in Washington State because it had had "minimum contacts" with that state.

Related Cases

  • International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, 234 U.S. 579 (1914).
  • People's Tobacco Co. v. American Tobacco Co., 246 U.S. 79 (1918).
  • Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona, 325 U.S. 761 (1945).
  • Burger King Corp, v. Rudzewicz, 471 U.S. 462 (1985).
  • Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of California, 480 U.S. 102 (1987).
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