Carter v. Carter Coal Co.
Significance, Citing States' Rights, Court Stymies New Deal Legislation, The Bituminous Coal Conservation Act
James Walter Carter
Carter Coal Co.
That the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935, part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, was an unconstitutional intrusion of the federal government into rights reserved for the states under the Tenth Amendment.
Chief Lawyers for Petitioner
Frederick H. Wood, William D. Whitney, Richard H. Wilmer
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Karl J. Hardy
Justices for the Court
Pierce Butler, Charles Evans Hughes, James Clark McReynolds, Owen Josephus Roberts, George Sutherland (writing for the Court), Willis Van Devanter
Louis D. Brandeis, Benjamin N. Cardozo, Harlan Fiske Stone
Date of Decision
18 March 1936
By a vote of 6-3, the Court struck down the act, holding that the Commerce Clause of Article II of the Constitution does not grant Congress the right to regulate commercial activities and labor relations.
- Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495 (1935).
- National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., 301 U.S. 1 (1937).
- Benson, Paul Revere. The Supreme Court and the Commerce Clause, 1937-1970. New York: Dunellen, 1970.
- Leuchtenburg, William Edward. The FDR Years: On Roosevelt and His Legacy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
- Redish, Martin H. The Constitution as Political Structure. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
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- Carter v. Carter Coal Co. - Significance
- Carter v. Carter Coal Co. - Citing States' Rights, Court Stymies New Deal Legislation
- Carter v. Carter Coal Co. - The Bituminous Coal Conservation Act
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