Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Reich
Significance, Authority To Review Executive Orders, Preemption Doctrine, Impact
Chamber of Commerce of the United States, et al.
Robert B. Reich, U.S. Secretary of Labor
That Executive Order No. 12,954, which prevents the U.S. government from contracting with employers who hire permanent replacement workers during a lawful strike, violates the National Labor Relations Act (NRLA) and the Procurement Act, and is unconstitutional.
Chief Lawyer for Appellants
Timothy B. Dyk
Chief Lawyer for the Appellee
John A. Rogovin
Justices for the Court
A. Raymond Randolph, David Bryan Sentelle, Laurence H. Silberman (writing for the Court)
Date of Decision
2 February 1996
That the Executive Order is regulatory in nature and is preempted by the NLRA.
- Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803).
- American School of Magnetic Healing v. McAnnulty, 187 U.S. 94 (1902).
- Dalton v. Specter, 511 U.S. 462 (1994).
- Leiberman, Jethro K. The Enduring Constitution: An Exploration of the First 200 Years. New York, Harper & Row, 1986.
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- Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Reich - Significance
- Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Reich - Authority To Review Executive Orders
- Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Reich - Preemption Doctrine
- Chamber of Commerce of the United States v. Reich - Impact
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