State of Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada
Significance, Supreme Court Redefines "separate But Equal"
Lloyd L. Gaines
S. W. Canada, Registrar of the University of Missouri
That rejection of an African American applicant by the all-white University of Missouri Law School violates equal protection under the law as mandated by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Chief Lawyers for Appellant
Charles F. Houston and S. R. Redmond
Chief Lawyers for Appellee
William S. Hogsett and Fred L. Williams
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, Louis D. Brandeis, Charles Evans Hughes (writing for the Court), Stanley Forman Reed, Owen Josephus Roberts, Harlan Fiske Stone
Pierce Butler, James Clark McReynolds (Benjamin N. Cardozo did not participate)
Date of Decision
12 December 1938
The Supreme Court ordered the university to admit Gaines.
- Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896).
- McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, 339 U.S. 637 (1950).
- Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 (1950).
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
- Armor, David J. Forced Justice: School Desegregation and the Law. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995.
- Greenberg, Jack. Crusaders in the Courts: How a Dedicated Band of Lawyers Fought for the Civil Rights Revolution. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1994.
- Wolters, Raymond. The Burden of Brown: Thirty Years of School Desegregation. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.
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