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Truax v. Raich

The Anti-alien Law, The Right To Earn A Living, Further Readings


William Truax, Sr., Wiley E. Jones, W. G. Gilmore


Mike Raich

Appellants' Claim

That a U.S. district court erred in preventing enforcement of Arizona's Anti-Alien Act.

Chief Lawyers for Appellants

Wiley E. Jones, Leslie C. Hardy, George W. Harben

Chief Lawyers for Appellee

Alexander Britton, Evans Browne, Francis W. Clements

Justices for the Court

Louis D. Brandeis, William Rufus Day, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Evans Hughes (writing for the Court), Joseph McKenna, Mahlon Pitney, Willis Van Devanter, Edward Douglass White

Justices Dissenting

James Clark McReynolds


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

1 November 1915


Against the appellants, affirming the district court's injunction against enforcement of Arizona's law.


By declaring Arizona's law unconstitutional, the Supreme Court established the right to earn a living as a basic freedom not to be withheld from resident aliens.

Related Cases

  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886).
  • Truax v. Corrigan, 257 U.S. 312 (1921).

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1883 to 1917