Hoyt v. Florida
Significance, Court Upholds Double Standard Regarding Jury Service, First Use Of The Temporary Insanity Plea
State of Florida
That a Florida law providing that women could serve on juries only at their own request deprived criminal defendants in the state from equal protection of the laws.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
Herbert B. Ehrmann
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
George R. Georgieff
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, William J. Brennan, Jr., Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, John Marshall Harlan II (writing for the Court), Potter Stewart, Earl Warren, Charles Evans Whittaker
Date of Decision
20 November 1961
The Court upheld the Florida statute, as well as Gwendolyn Hoyt's conviction.
- Ballard v. United States, 329 U.S. 187 (1946).
- Taylor v. Louisiana, 419 U.S. 522 (1975).
- Duren v. Missouri, 439 U.S. 357 (1979).
Knappman, Edward W., ed. Great American Trials. Detroit, MI: Visible Ink Press, 1994.
- DiPerna, Paula. Juries on Trial: Faces of American Justice. New York: Dembner Books, 1984.
- Hans, Valerie P., and Neil Vidmar. Judging the Jury. New York: Plenum Press, 1986.
- Otten, Laura A. Women's Rights and the Law. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.
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- Hoyt v. Florida - Significance
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- Hoyt v. Florida - First Use Of The Temporary Insanity Plea
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