Inc. v. Gore BMW of North America - Significance, Three "indicums Of Excessiveness", Punitive Damages Running Wild
BMW of North America, Inc.
Dr. Ira Gore, Jr.
That a $2 million punitive damages award imposed on it by an Alabama jury was grossly excessive, and violated the company's rights to due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Chief Lawyers for Petitioner
Michael C. Quillen, Samuel M. Hill
Chief Lawyers for Respondent
Andrew L. Frey, Evan M. Tager
Justices for the Court
Stephen Breyer, Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, David H. Souter, John Paul Stevens (writing for the Court)
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, William H. Rehnquist, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas
Date of Decision
20 May 1996
That the punitive damages award was grossly excessive, and therefore exceeded the constitutional limit.
- Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Haslip, 499 U.S. 1 (1991).
- TXO Production Corp. v. Alliance Resources Corp., 509 U.S. 443, 454 (1993).
- Yates v. BMW of North America, 642 So. 2d 937 (1993).
- Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg, 512 U.S. 415 (1994).
- Biskupic, Joan, and Elder Witt, eds. Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1996.
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- Inc. v. Gore BMW of North America - Significance
- Inc. v. Gore BMW of North America - Three "indicums Of Excessiveness"
- Inc. v. Gore BMW of North America - Punitive Damages Running Wild
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