Florida v. Riley
State of Florida
Michael A. Riley
It is not unlawful under the Fourth Amendment for a police officer to hover in a helicopter 400 feet above the home of a person and look with the naked eye into the person's property.
Chief Lawyer for Petitioner
Parker D. Thomson
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Marc H. Salton
Justices for the Court
Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, William H. Rehnquist, Antonin Scalia, Byron R. White (writing for the Court)
Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, John Paul Stevens
Date of Decision
23 January 1989
An officer's observation, with the naked eye, of the interior of a partially covered greenhouse in a residential backyard from the vantage point of a helicopter positioned 400 feet above the yard does not constitute a search for which a warrant is required.
- Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967).
- California v. Ciraolo, 476 U.S. 207 (1986).
- Epstein, Lee, and Thomas G. Walker. Constitutional Law for a Changing America: Rights, Liberties, and Justice. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1995.
- New York Times, January 24, 1989.
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