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Norman-Bloodsaw v. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Significance, Medical Secrecy In California, A Right To Personal Privacy, Impact, Further Readings


Marya S. Norman-Bloodsaw, Vertis B. Ellis, and six other individuals


Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Regents of the University of California, U.S. Department of Energy, and others

Appellant's Claim

That a public employer conducting medical tests on its employees to determine intimate medical conditions without their knowledge or consent violates the employees' constitutional right to privacy.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

William C. McNeill III

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

Douglas H. Barton

Justices for the Court

Stephen Reinhardt (writing for the court), Thomas G. Nelson, Michael Daly Hawkins

Justices Dissenting



San Francisco, California

Date of Decision

3 February 1998


The appeals court reversed a district court's ruling by finding the secret medical tests violated Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and state and federal constitutional privacy guarantees.

Related Cases

  • Schowengerdt v. General Dynamics Corp., 823 F.2d 1328 (9th Cir. 1987).
  • Yin v. California, 95 F.3d 864 (9th Cir. 1996).
  • Loder v. City of Glendale, 927 P.2d 1200 (Cal 1997).

Additional topics

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