Boos v. Barry - Significance, The Split Over Part Ii, Parts Iii, Iv, And V, Foreign Embassies
Michael Boos, Bridget M. Brooker, J. Michael Waller, Father R. David Finzer
Marian Barry, Mayor of Washington, D.C., and other officials of the District of Columbia
That Section 22-1115 of the District of Columbia Code, which forbade the display of any sign within 500 feet of a foreign embassy if that sign brings the foreign government into "public odium" or "public disrepute," and also prohibited congregation of three or more persons within 500 feet of a foreign embassy, was in violation of the First Amendment's protection of free speech.
Chief Lawyer for Petitioners
Raymond D. Battocchi
Chief Lawyer for Respondents
Edward E. Schwab
Justices for the Court
William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, Sandra Day O'Connor (writing for the Court), Antonin Scalia, John Paul Stevens
Harry A. Blackmun, William H. Rehnquist, Byron R. White (Anthony M. Kennedy did not participate)
Date of Decision
22 March 1988
The decision of the lower court was affirmed in part and reversed in part, the finding being that the display clause of Section 22-1115 was in violation of the First Amendment, but the congregation clause was not.
A Five-Part Decision
Justice O'Connor delivered the opinion for the Court, a complex five-part decision over the second part of which the Court was split. In Part I, she stated that the Court reversed the court of appeals with regard to the display clause, but affirmed it in the area of the congregation clause. In this she was joined by Justices Brennan, Marshall, Stevens, and Scalia.
- Frend v. United States, 69 App. D.C. 281,100 (1938).
- Renton v. Playtime Theaters, 475 U.S. 41 (1986).
- Hustler Magazine v. Falwell, 485 U.S. 46 (1988).
Jentleson, Bruce W. and Thomas G. Paterson, eds. Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
- Hall, Kermit L., ed. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
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- Boos v. Barry - Significance
- Boos v. Barry - The Split Over Part Ii
- Boos v. Barry - Parts Iii, Iv, And V
- Boos v. Barry - Foreign Embassies
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