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Logan Act

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The Logan Act (18 U.S.C.A. § 953 [1948]) is a single federal statute making it a crime for a citizen to confer with foreign governments against the interests of the United States. Specifically, it prohibits citizens from negotiating with other nations on behalf of the United States without authorization.

Congress established the Logan Act in 1799, less than one year after passage of the ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS, which authorized the arrest and deportation of ALIENS and prohibited written communication defamatory to the U.S. government. The 1799 act was named after Dr. George Logan. A prominent Republican and Quaker from Pennsylvania, Logan did not draft or introduce the legislation that bears his name, but was involved in the political climate that precipitated it.

In the late 1790s, a French trade embargo and jailing of U.S. seamen created animosity and unstable conditions between the United States and France. Logan sailed to France in the hope of presenting options to its government to improve relations with the United States and quell the growing anti-French sentiment in the United States. France responded by lifting the embargo and releasing the captives. Logan's return to the United States was marked by Republican praise and Federalist scorn. To prevent U.S. citizens from interfering with negotiations between the United States and foreign governments in the future, the Adams administration

In 1984 Democratic presidential candidate Jesse Jackson met with Cuban president Fidel Castro and later described a ten-point agreement the two had reached. His negotiations with Castro may have violated the Logan Act, but Jackson was not prosecuted.
AP/WIDE WORLD PHOTOS

quickly introduced the bill that would become the Logan Act.

The Logan Act has remained almost unchanged and unused since its passage. The act is short and reads as follows:

Any citizen of the United States, wherever he may be, who, without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government or any officer or agent thereof, with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any officer or agent thereof, in relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

This section shall not abridge the right of a citizen to apply, himself or his agent, to any foreign government or the agents thereof for redress of any injury which he may have sustained from such government or any of its agents or subjects.

The language of the act appears to encompass almost every communication between a U.S. citizen and a foreign government considered an attempt to influence negotiations between their two countries. Because the language is so broad in scope, legal scholars and judges have suggested that the Logan Act is unconstitutional. Historically, the act has been used more as a threat to those engaged in various political activities than as a weapon for prosecution. In fact, Logan Act violations have been discussed in almost every administration without any serious attempt at enforcement, and to date there have been no convictions and only one recorded indictment.

One example of the act's use as a threat of prosecution involved the Reverend JESSE JACKSON. In 1984 Jackson took well-publicized trips to Cuba and Nicaragua and returned with several Cuban political prisoners seeking ASYLUM in the United States. President RONALD REAGAN stated that Jackson's activities may have violated the law, but Jackson was not pursued beyond a threat.

The only Logan Act indictment occurred in 1803. It involved a Kentucky newspaper article that argued for the formation in the western United States of a separate nation allied to France. No prosecution followed.

FURTHER READINGS

Kearney, Kevin M. 1987. "Private Citizens in Foreign Affairs: A Constitutional Analysis." Emory Law Journal 36 (winter).

Roth, Brad R. 1993. "The First Amendment in the Foreign Affairs Realm: 'Domesticating' the Restrictions on Citizen Participation." Temple Political and Civil Rights Law Review 2 (spring).

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about 5 years ago

Timothy Geithner just attended the last Bilderburg meeting in Greece. In addition to being a tax evading criminal, he is also a TRAITOR and should be prosecuted under the Logan act

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over 5 years ago

Now the time is right for Americans to step up and realize that they must research what these politicians are doing.

Bilderberg is about the Illuminati Society, secretive and believes in WORLD DOMINATION, how, "THE NEW WORLD ORDER" spoken by Ronald Reagan and George H.ater W.armonger Bush.

Read up about the Illuminati.

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almost 6 years ago

Amazing how they bring up selective people regarding the Logan Act....let's speak on the Bilderberg Group, The Rockefellers, The Rothchilds, George W. Bush, George Bush Sr., The New World Order, The Eastern Union, etc. The Bilderberg Group, Bilderberg conference, or Bilderberg Club is an unofficial annual invitation-only conference of around 130 guests, most of whom are persons of influence in the fields of business, media and politics.
The elite group meets annually at luxury hotels or resorts throughout the world — normally in Europe — and once every four years in the United States or Canada. Check it out! Eyes Wide Shut!

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about 6 years ago

All U.S. citizens that deal and have meetings with the Bilderberg group on U.S. soil should be indicted; especially presidential candidates.

AMERICAN PATRIOT

Members of the fedral government are also guilty of this this crime. But lets not talk about that, lets go ahead and brush that under the table. We alL know they will never be touched. There is no Democracy, but The United States is not a Democracy. It was never designed to be a Democracy. So what is it ? Good question, let me go ahead and answer that question for you. The United States of America IS a Constitutional republic for which it stands. Too sum it up in laymans terms. The United States of america was designed/CREATED for one thing. To be a Vessle of Liberty to all human beings living within it's borders Legaly. Not Mexico, not Canada. And now look at it.... We police the world. We engage in nation building. We have 170 bases around the world. We no longer have Personal Privacy. We invade and conquer other nations. This is why we no longer have any respect anywhere across the planet. We turned in to old Germany. Not exactly but pretty dang close and getting closer. Now we are hearing about a New World Order. Just imagine if there was a new world order and a Hittler gained power. better yet imagine Hittler 1000 times more powerful. Why put all eggs in one basket ? And doesn't total power currupt totaly ? Have we learned nothing ? How many billions have to die ? THIS IS A OUTRAGE OF EPIC, NO WAIT, OF LEGENDARY PROPORTIONS. DEATH TO THE NEOCONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT. DEATH TO THE NEW WORLD ORDER.



I think we better get our Country Back on track or there will be Another war in our own boarder lines or state to state wars and the return of the confederacy of state hood.

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about 6 years ago

All U.S. citizens that deal and have meetings with the Bilderberg group on U.S. soil should be indicted; especially presidential candidates.

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almost 7 years ago

Nancy Pelosi should have been indicted after her trip to Syria

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over 2 years ago

I'm surprised by the comments on this section, do you people really believe this?

http://simplisafe.com/burglar-alarms

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almost 4 years ago

The republican party should be charged with violating the Logan Act, the money they solicited from FOREIGN CORPORATIONS and from CORPORATIONS OWNED BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS MAKES THEM TRAITORS.
Karl Rove and the faux group, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, are guilty of allowing foreign groups to influence and interfere in our elections.
By refusing to close the loopholes that reward the exportation of American jobs indicates their active participation in the globalization of America.
The republicans are heavily invested in the BILDERBERG CONSPIRACY.

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about 4 years ago

let it be known that the republican party of the 1790's referred to here was also known as the "democratic republican party" and later became simply the democrat"ic" party. The Republican party of today actually came from federalist roots with abolishionists as the spine of the party in 1864. Hence, the reverence of Abraham lincoln was to be wiped away by the democrats that claimed the banner of equal rights as their own regardless of the fact that most of the democrats voted against every civil rights measure ever produced throughout the 1960's. this is the sad and shameful legacy of the democrat party.

Further despite the reluctance of the present day Republican party to stand on it's own well founded principles, it is indeed to that party's credit that a black citizen can be elected to the highest office in the land. Even though his actual status as an native born american still remains unanswered in defiance.

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almost 5 years ago

The posts here make assertions about Reagan and Obama but we do not know if their actions were sanctioned by the administrations. Obama was not elected yet but Reagan was the president elect.
This law has been violated by many so called private citizens and activists in the past several years. Most of the incidents are publicly denied by the administrations in power at the time. If these people, the latest being Sean Penn, do not carry official credentials as envoys for the US government, they should be arrested upon their return and prosecuted. It is time for these arrogant people to be reigned in. If they are not happy here allow voluntary deportation instead of incarceration and ban them from re-entry - even for making movies. There are many others including past elected officials who have not been sent officially, they too are breaking this law.

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almost 5 years ago

May I recommend that each and everyone reading this write a short letter to their Representative and Senator and point out that Volcker violated The Logan Act (18 U.S.C.A. § 953 [1948]), where he admitted this and that it is on tape, copy it so you have a personal copy, and that you demand an investigation. Anything short of that they will ignor as they did the 1.8 million people in Washington a few weeks ago.

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about 5 years ago

Stop the spread of wealth and money made out of thin air. Take out all of your money from NWO banks. Banks like Chase, Citi, BOA,IBC and especially Wells Fargo own the federal reserve. Research small indie banks and credit unions. Make an educated choice. Do not fund the NWO's effort to kill us all. When these bailout boys need more, we can take to the streets and run them out of business for good. Cripple the Bilderburgers, exterminate the illuminati and deport the NWO from the earth.

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about 5 years ago

Welcome to Nazi America. Hitler Husein Obama is the puppet dictator. He claims the buck stops with him, but it's not the buck but the blaim. The Bilderberg's pull his strings so the buck goes to them. The Obomaniac is just their blaim monkey.



Obumster is on his way to recruting a huge civilian army out of teens streight out of H.S., Elderly, and handicaped. How fun will this be to watch?



I have already heard they plan to take away your right to free speach, espscialy when it comes to critisizing the king B.O.



Oh and if you want to fly or keep your guns, you better plan on joining his snitch patrol. Have a happpy New World Order y'all, on Obama. YeeeHaaa.

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almost 6 years ago

The allegation about Obama has been disputed by prominent Republicans and White House officials. It is FALSE, just another Swift Boating type smear.

No one mentions Ronald Reagan's campaign negotiating with Iran during the Hostage Crisis when President Jimmy Carter was trying to get those hostages released. They were released on the day Ronald Reagan took the oath of office. There is a lot of documentation about these meetings.

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almost 6 years ago

Obama is a sitting senator on the Foreign Affairs committee. Logan Act does not apply. There's plenty of reasons to like or dislike either candidate, but try to be better than the candidates and actually make a decision on the issues.

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almost 6 years ago

Obama’s national security spokeswoman Wendy Morigi just admitted to violating this law.

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almost 6 years ago

It is time to use the Logan Act to prosecute Barack Obama for trying to negotiate a deal with Iraq on withdrawal of US troops. His actions and statements to Iraqi leaders were unethical and illegal.

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almost 6 years ago

Hey Jack Ryan,
If you want to indict someone for violating the Logan Act, indict Barack Hussein Obama - for trying to stall the release of troops in Iraq.

No intelligent or aware person is surprised by Barack Hussein Obama's actions. They are the behavior of a selfish person.
If you support him, that makes you selfish too.

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about 6 years ago

It is time that the Logan Act is used to prosecute John McCain, Karl Rove, Joe Lieberman, and others who, on the behalf of corporate interests and the military industrial complex wish to expose citizens of the United States to a thermonuclear conflict just so they might retain power.

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about 6 years ago

Everyone's comments below are so true. To reiterate: We are no longer living in a country where political leaders are chosen, but rather chosen for us. We have been tricked into accepting that human rights are a thing of the past, we have a small, select, elite who plan and forecast the political, economic and social implications for us. Ladies and gentleman, welcome to the new world order. The European Union, despite heavy concerns from Europeans and economists still came into existance, and let me say that the North American Union is not too far away from becoming a reality... The problem is that Americans have been dumbed down and brought to worship a fake idol. We no longer believe in the fundamental ideals which brought our forefathers to this great country. It is disgusting for me to begin to imagine a country with more hippocritical beliefs than the American government. Is torture good or is it bad? Well according to this administration, it depends on who you are and who you are interrorgating and what the circumstances are. Many countrys have pegged their currency to the US dollar and are now falling along with us. Americans, open your eyes, become aware of the situations occuring in yout country... try for 2 seconds to pry yourself away from Brittney gossip and look at bigger issues, like The Logan Act, Bildergerg, Bohemian Grove, Alabama Guidelines... Stand up for democracy, if not for yourself, then for your children...

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over 6 years ago

Members of the fedral government are also guilty of this this crime.



But lets not talk about that, lets go ahead and brush that under the table. We alL know they will never be touched.



There is no Democracy, but The United States is not a Democracy. It was never designed to be a Democracy.



So what is it ? Good question, let me go ahead and answer that question for you.



The United States of America IS a Constitutional republic for which it stands.



Too sum it up in laymans terms.



The United States of america was designed/CREATED for one thing.



To be a Vessle of Liberty to all human beings living within it's borders Legaly.



Not Mexico, not Canada.



And now look at it....



We police the world.

We engage in nation building.

We have 170 bases around the world.

We no longer have Personal Privacy.

We invade and conquer other nations.



This is why we no longer have any respect anywhere across the planet.



We turned in to old Germany. Not exactly but pretty dang close and getting closer.





Now we are hearing about a New World Order.



Just imagine if there was a new world order and a Hittler gained power.



better yet imagine Hittler 1000 times more powerful.





Why put all eggs in one basket ?



And doesn't total power currupt totaly ?



Have we learned nothing ? How many billions have to die ?



THIS IS A OUTRAGE OF EPIC, NO WAIT, OF LEGENDARY PROPORTIONS.





DEATH TO THE NEOCONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT.



DEATH TO THE NEW WORLD ORDER.