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Bailey v. Alabama - Significance, Minority Opinion, Impact, Involuntary Servitude

law plaintiff united court

Plaintiff

Alonzo Bailey

Defendant

State of Alabama

Plaintiff's Claim

Alabama's peonage law was unconstitutional because the Thirteenth Amendment provided protection against involuntary servitude. To compel servitude in liquidation of a debt restricted personal rights; involuntary servitude applied in situations other than slavery.

Chief Lawyers for Plaintiff

Edward S. Watts, Fred S. Ball, Daniel W. Troy

Chief Defense Lawyers

Alexander M. Garber, Thomas W. Martin

Justices for the Court

William Rufus Day, John Marshall Harlan I, Charles Evans Hughes (writing for the Court), Joseph McKenna, William Henry Moody, Edward Douglass White

Justices Dissenting

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Horace Harmon Lurton (Willis Van Devanter not yet appointed)

Place

Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

3 January 1911

Decision

Alabama's conviction and sentencing of the plaintiff to hard labor for refusal to perform service and refund advanced money was criminal and incompatible with the Thirteenth Amendment.

Related Cases

  • Henderson v. New York, 92 U.S. 547 (1875).
  • Clyatt v. United States, 197 U.S. 207 (1905).
  • Ex parte Riley, 94 Ala. 82, 10 So. 528 (1907).
  • Keller v. United States, 213 U.S. 138 (1909).

Sources

Toledo Law Review, Volume 20, summer 1989.

Further Readings

  • Carrier, Michael A. "Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self." Michigan Law Review, May 1995, p. 1894.
  • Hall, Kermit L., ed. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Pope, James Gray. "Labor's Constitution of Freedom." Yale Law Journal, January 1997, p. 941.
Buchanan v. Warley - Significance, Further Readings [next] [back] Anne Bradley Trial: 1907 - A Woman Ahead Of The Times, Brown And Bradley Arrested For Adultery, The Final Showdown

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