Other Free Encyclopedias » Law Library - American Law and Legal Information » Notable Trials and Court Cases - 1963 to 1972

Graham v. Richardson - Significance

clause aliens welfare appellant

Appellant

Carmen Richardson, et al.

Appellee

John O. Graham, Commissioner, Department of Public Welfare, State of Arizona

Appellant's Claim

Arizona's alien residency requirements violated the Equal Protection Clause and the constitutional right to travel; they conflicted with the Social Security Act, as the Supremacy Clause took precedence; Congress had regulatory powers over aliens, not individual states.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

Anthony B. Ching

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

Michael S. Flam

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, Harry A. Blackmun (writing for the Court), William J. Brennan, Jr., Warren E. Burger, William O. Douglas, John Marshall Harlan II, Thurgood Marshall, Potter Stewart, Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

None

Place

Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

14 June 1971

Decision

Provisions of state welfare laws that placed conditions on welfare benefits due to citizenship and imposed durational residency requirements on aliens violated the U.S. Constitution's Equal Protection Clause.

Related Cases

  • Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618 (1969).
  • Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (1982).
  • Martinez v. Bynum, 461 U.S. 321 (1983).

Further Readings

  • Dorsen, N., O. K., and T. Viles Fraenkel. Civil Liberties in the United States, Vol. 6, P.F. Collier, 1996.
  • Hull, Elisabeth. "Resident Aliens and the Equal Protection Clause: The Burger Court's Retreat from Graham v. Richardson." Brooklyn Law Review, Vol. 47, no. 1, p. 1.
  • McWhirter, Darien A. "Urban Residence and Poverty." Exploring the Constitution, Vol. 1. The Oryx Press, 1995.
Gravel v. United States - Significance, Private Publication Not Protected, Impact [next] [back] Goldberg v. Kelly - The Principles Involved, What Happened, Procedural Due Process

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or