Other Free Encyclopedias » Law Library - American Law and Legal Information » Notable Trials and Court Cases - 1995 to Present

Inc. v. Gore BMW of North America - Significance, Three "indicums Of Excessiveness", Punitive Damages Running Wild

court petitioner justices grossly


BMW of North America, Inc.


Dr. Ira Gore, Jr.

Petitioner's Claim

That a $2 million punitive damages award imposed on it by an Alabama jury was grossly excessive, and violated the company's rights to due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.

Chief Lawyers for Petitioner

Michael C. Quillen, Samuel M. Hill

Chief Lawyers for Respondent

Andrew L. Frey, Evan M. Tager

Justices for the Court

Stephen Breyer, Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, David H. Souter, John Paul Stevens (writing for the Court)

Justices Dissenting

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, William H. Rehnquist, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

20 May 1996


That the punitive damages award was grossly excessive, and therefore exceeded the constitutional limit.

Related Cases

  • Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. v. Haslip, 499 U.S. 1 (1991).
  • TXO Production Corp. v. Alliance Resources Corp., 509 U.S. 443, 454 (1993).
  • Yates v. BMW of North America, 642 So. 2d 937 (1993).
  • Honda Motor Co. v. Oberg, 512 U.S. 415 (1994).

Further Readings

  • Biskupic, Joan, and Elder Witt, eds. Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1996.
Wabaunsee County Board of County Commissioners Kansas v. Umbehr - Significance, The Court's Decision, Justices Scalia And Thomas Dissent, Impact, Further Readings [next] [back] Bennis v. Michigan - Significance, Michigan Courts Disagree On Seizure Of Vehicle, Question Of Whether Constitutional Rights Violated, Petitioner Asserted Fifth Amendment Rights Violated

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or