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Implied Warranty

Implied Warranty Of Merchantability, Implied Warranty Of Fitness

A promise, arising by operation of law, that something that is sold will be merchantable and fit for the purpose for which it is sold.

Every time goods are bought and sold, a sales contract is created: the buyer agrees to pay, and the seller agrees to accept, a certain price in exchange for a certain item or number of items. Sales contracts are frequently oral, unwritten agreements. The purchase of items like a candy bar hardly seems worth the trouble of drafting an agreement spelling out the buyer's expectation that the candy bar will be fresh and edible. Implied warranties protect the buyer whether or not a written sales contract exists.


Gonzales, Vincent M. 1987. "The Buyer's Specifications

Exception to the Implied Warranty of Fitness for a Particular Purpose: Design or Performance?" California Law Review 61 (November).

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