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Burden of Proof


ALEXANDER, LARRY. "The Supreme Court, Dr. Jekyll, and the Due Process of Proof." Supreme Court Review 191 (1996): 191–217.

ALLEN, RONALD J. "Structuring Jury Decisionmaking in Criminal Cases: A Unified Constitutional Approach to Evidentiary Devices." Harvard Law Review 94 (1980): 321–368.

DANE, FRANCIS C. "In Search of Reasonable Doubt: A Systematic Examination of Selected Quantification Approaches." Law and Human Behavior 9 (1985): 141.

DRIPPS, DONALD A. "The Constitutional Status of the Reasonable Doubt Rule." California Law Review 75 (1987): 1665.

FLETCHER, GEORGE P. "Two Kinds of Legal Rules: A Comparative Study of Burden-of-Persuasion Practices in Criminal Cases." Yale Law Journal 77 (1968): 880–935.

GREEN, THOMAS A. "The Jury and the English Law of Homicide, 1200–1600." Michigan Law Review 74 (1976): 413–499.

JEFFRIES, JOHN C., JR., and STEPHAN, PAUL B. "Defenses, Presumptions, and Burden of Proof in the Criminal Law." Yale Law Journal 88 (1979): 1325–1407.

L.S.E. Jury Project. "Juries and the Rules of Evidence." Criminal Law Review (1973): 208–223.

MAY, JOHN W. "Some Rules of Evidence of Reasonable Doubt in Civil and Criminal Cases." American Law Review 10 (1876): 6.

MORANO, ANTHONY A. "A Reexamination of the Development of the Reasonable Doubt Rule." Boston University Law Review 55 (1975): 507–528.

NESSON, CHARLES R. "Reasonable Doubt and Permissive Inferences: The Value of Complexity." Harvard Law Review 92 (1979): 1187–1225.

SALTZBURG, STEPHEN A. "Standards of Proof and Preliminary Questions of Fact." Stanford Law Review 27 (1975): 271–305.

SCHWARTZ, LOUIS B. "'Innocence'—A Dialogue with Professor Sundby." Hastings Law Journal 41 (1989): 153.

SHAPIRO, BARBARA A. "Beyond a Reasonable Doubt" and "Probable Cause": Historical Perspectives on the Anglo-American Law of Evidence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

SIMON, RITA JAMES. "Judges' Translations of Burdens of Proof into Statements of Probability." Trial Lawyer's Guide (1969): 103–114.

——. "'Beyond a Reasonable Doubt': An Experimental Attempt at Quantification." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 6 (1970): 203–209.

SIMON, RITA JAMES, and MAHAN, LINDA. "Quantifying Burdens of Proof—A View from the Bench, the Jury, and the Classroom." Law and Society Review 5 (1971): 319–330.

SUNDBY, SCOTT E. "The Reasonable Doubt Rule and the Meaning of Innocence." Hastings Law Journal 40 (1989a): 457.

——. "The Virtues of a Procedural View of Innocence—A Response to Professor Schwartz." Hastings Law Journal 41 (1989b): 161.

UNDERWOOD, BARBARA D. "The Thumb on the Scales of Justice: Burdens of Persuasion in Criminal Cases." Yale Law Journal 86 (1977): 1299–1348.

UVILLER, H. RICHARD. "Acquitting the Guilty: Two Case Studies on Jury Misgivings and the Misunderstood Standard of Proof." Criminal Law Forum 2 (1990): 1.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationCrime and Criminal LawBurden of Proof - The Reasonable Doubt Rule, Reasons For The Rule, Issues That Should Be Governed By The Rule