United Jewish Organizations v. Carey
The decision in United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey was both determined and supported by the precedents set in the Voting Act of 1965, which protected the rights of nonwhite citizens to participate in the political process. In the 1990s, the United States Department of Justice was faced with concerns about the Voting Rights Act of 1965 expiring in the year 2007, and the African American population losing its right to vote. The Department of Justice announced a clarification of the Voting Rights Act, and stated that the voting rights were a permanent guarantee and will not expire. The Fifteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 expressly state that "no one may be denied the right to vote because of his or her race or color. These prohibitions against racial discrimination in voting are permanent."