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Sentencing: Allocation of Authority


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American Bar Association. Standards for Criminal Justice: Sentencing, 3d ed. Chicago: ABA Press, 1994.

Bureau of Justice Assistance. National Assessment of Structured Sentencing. Washington, D.C.: Office of Justice Programs, 1996.

——. National Survey of State Sentencing Structures. Washington, D.C.: Office of Justice Programs, 1998.

FRANKEL, MARVIN E. Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order. New York: Hill and Wang, 1973.

FRASE, RICHARD S. "Implementing Commission-Based Sentencing Guidelines: The Lessons of the First Ten Years in Minnesota." Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 2 (1993): 279–337.

——. "Sentencing Guidelines in the States: Lessons for State and Federal Reformers." Federal Sentencing Reporter 6 (1993): 123–126.

GEBELEIN, RICHARD. "Sentencing Reform in Delaware." In Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Times: A Comparative Perspective. Edited by Michael Tonry and Kathleen Hatlestad. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Pages 88–91.

KNAPP, KAY A. "Allocation of Discretion and Accountability Within Sentencing Structures." University of Colorado Law Review 64 (1993): 679–705.

NAGEL, ILENE H., and SCHULHOFER, STEPHEN J. "A Tale of Three Cities: An Empirical Study of Charging and Bargaining Practices Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines." Southern California Law Review 66 (1992): 501–566.

PARENT, DALE G. Structuring Criminal Sentences: The Evolution of Minnesota's Sentencing Guidelines. Stoneham, Mass.: Butterworth Legal Publishers, 1988.

REITZ, KEVIN R. "Sentencing Guideline Systems and Sentence Appeals: A Comparison of Federal and State Experiences." Northwestern Law Review 91 (1997): 1441–1506.

——. "Modeling Discretion in American Sentencing Systems." Law & Policy 20 (1998): 389–428.

ROTHMAN, DAVID J. Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and Its Alternatives in Progressive America. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1980.

STEIGER, JOHN C. "Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Structured Sentencing, Fear of Violence, and Citizen Initiatives in Washington State." Law & Policy 20 (1998): 333–356.

STITH, KATE, and CABRANES, JOSÉ A. Fear of Judging: Sentencing Guidelines in the Federal Courts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

TONRY, MICHAEL. Sentencing Matters. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

——. Reconsidering Indeterminate and Structured Sentencing. Washington, D.C.: Office of Justice Programs, 1999.

U.S. Sentencing Commission. Special Report to the Congress: Mandatory Minimum Penalties in the Federal Criminal Justice System. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Sentencing Commission, 1991.

ZIMRING, FRANKLIN E. "A Consumer's Guide to Sentencing Reform: Making the Punishment Fit the Crime." Hastings Center Report 6 (1976): 13–17.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationCrime and Criminal LawSentencing: Allocation of Authority - Definition Of Sentencing Discretion, A Discretion Diagram, Indeterminate Sentencing Systems, Statutory Determinate Sentencing, Mandatory Penalties