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United States ex rel. Standing Bear v. Crook

Significance, Indians Are "persons", Impact, The Dawes Severalty Act, Further Readings


Standing Bear and other Ponca Indians


George Crook, U.S. Army General

Petitioners' Claim

That confinement of American Indians by the U.S. Army violated the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Chief Lawyers for Petitioners

John L. Webster, Andrew J. Poppleton

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Genio M. Lambertson

Justice for the Court

Elmer S. Dundy


Lincoln, Nebraska

Date of Decision

12 May 1879


The Court upheld Standing Bear's claim and ordered the Poncas released from U.S. custody.

Related Cases

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1857).
  • Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 553 (1903).
  • United States v. Omaha Tribe of Indians, 253 U.S. 275 (1920).
  • United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, 448 U.S. 371 (1980).


Bacon, Donald C., et al., eds. The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1833 to 1882