The Slaughterhouse Monopoly, Monopoly As "servitude", Equal Protection, Further Readings
Butchers' Benevolent Association of New Orleans; The Livestock Dealers' and Butchers' Association of New Orleans
The Crescent City Live Stock Landing and Slaughter House Company; State of Louisiana
That the state's establishment of a monopoly in stock slaughtering violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments.
Chief Lawyers for Appellants
John Campbell, J. Q. A. Fellows
Chief Lawyer for Appellees
T. J. Durant
Justices for the Court
Salmon Portland Chase, Nathan Clifford, David Davis, Ward Hunt, Samuel Freeman Miller (writing for the Court), William Strong
Joseph P. Bradley, Stephen Johnson Field, Noah Haynes Swayne
Date of Decision
14 April 1873
The state of Louisiana was within its regular police powers to protect public health to establish a monopoly slaughterhouse down river from New Orleans.
Although the court ruled that the state-established slaughterhouse monopoly was legal, it ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment, originally intended to protect the civil rights of freed slaves, also protected other citizens against hostile action by state governments. However,the decision favored the state's own interpretation of when such rights would be violated.
- Butcher's Union Co. v. Crescent City Co., 111 U.S. 746 (1884).
- Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff, 467 U.S. 229 (1984).
West's Encyclopedia of American Law Minneapolis, Minnesota: West Publishing, 1998.
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