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Reynolds v. Sims

Significance, "legislators Represent People, Not Trees", The Census, Further Readings


R. A. Reynolds


M. O. Sims

Appellant's Claim

That representation in both houses of state legislatures must be based on population.

Chief Lawyer for Appellant

W. McLean Pitts

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

Charles Morgan, Jr.

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, William J. Brennan, Jr., Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Arthur Goldberg, Potter Stewart, Earl Warren (writing for the Court), Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

John Marshall Harlan I


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

15 June 1964


The Supreme Court held that the equal representation guarantee of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that the configuration of districts be based on population distribution.

Related Cases

  • Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962).
  • Gray v. Sanders, 372 U.S. 368 (1963).
  • Wesberry v. Sanders, 376 U.S. 1 (1964).


Bacon, Donald C., et al., eds. The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1963 to 1972