less than 1 minute read

Lochner v. New York

Significance, A Baker's Lawyer, Due Process And Daniel Webster, A Surprise Verdict


Joseph Lochner


People of the State of New York

Appellant's Claim

That Lochner had not violated the New York Bakeshop Act because the law was an unreasonable exercise of police power.

Chief Lawyers for Appellant

Frank Harvey Field, Henry Weismann

Chief Lawyer for Appellee

Julius M. Mayer, attorney general of New York

Justices for the Court

David Josiah Brewer, Henry Billings Brown, Melville Weston Fuller, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Joseph McKenna, Rufus Wheeler Peckham (writing for the Court)

Justices Dissenting

William Rufus Day, John Marshall Harlan I, Edward Douglass White


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

17 April 1905


In protecting the right to contract for labor, the Court overruled New York's Bakeshop Act, which regulated sanitary conditions and the number of hours that employees could work.

Related Cases

  • Allgeyer v. Louisiana, 165 U.S. 578 (1897).
  • Wilson v. New, 243 U.S. 332 (1917).
  • Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 261 U.S. 525 (1923).
  • West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937).

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1883 to 1917