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Brown v. Board of Education

Significance, Naacp Takes On Topeka Board Of Education, Fight Goes To Supreme Court, Court Throws Out Plessy; Declares Segregation Illegal


Several parents of African American children of elementary school age in Topeka, Kansas


Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

Appellants' Claim

That the segregation of white and African American children in the public schools of Topeka solely on the basis of race denied the African American children equal protection under the law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.

Chief Lawyers for Appellants

Robert L. Carter, Thurgood Marshall, Spottswood W. Robinson, Charles S. Scott

Chief Lawyers for Appellees

Harold R. Fatzer, Paul E. Wilson

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, Harold Burton, Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, Robert H. Jackson, Sherman Minton, Stanley Forman Reed, Earl Warren

Justices Dissenting



Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

17 May 1954


Segregated schools violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.


Langran, Robert W. "Why Are Some Supreme Court Justices Rated as `Failures?'" Supreme Court Historical Society, http://metalab.unc.edu.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1954 to 1962