Shelley v. Kraemer
Significance, Supreme Court Declares Racially Discriminatory Restrictive Covenants Unenforceable, Chicago's Restrictive Real Estate Covenants
J. D. Shelley
That restrictive covenants in real estate contracts preventing occupancy by African Americans violates the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee of equal protection of the laws.
Chief Lawyers for Appellant
George L. Vaughn, Herman Willer
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
Gerald L. Seegers
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, Harold Burton, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, Frank Murphy, Fred Moore Vinson (writing for the Court)
None (Robert H. Jackson, Stanley Forman Reed, Wiley Blount Rutledge did not participate)
Date of Decision
3 May 1948
The Supreme Court ruled that although such covenants can be created, they cannot be enforced by state or federal courts.
- Buchanan v. Warley, 245 U.S. 60 (1917).
- Jones v. Mayer, 392 U.S. 409 (1968).
Plotkin, Wendy. "Racial Restrictive Covenants in U.S." www.iuc.edu.
- Allen, Francis A. "Remembering Shelley v. Kraemer." Washington University Law Quarterly, Vol. 67, 1989, pp. 709-735.
- Kirp, David L., John P. Dwyer, and Larry A. Rosenthal, eds. Our Town: Race, Housing, and the Soul of Suburbia. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995.
- Tussman, Joseph, ed. The Supreme Court on Racial Discrimination. New York: Oxford University Press, 1963.
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- Shelley v. Kraemer - Significance
- Shelley v. Kraemer - Supreme Court Declares Racially Discriminatory Restrictive Covenants Unenforceable
- Shelley v. Kraemer - Chicago's Restrictive Real Estate Covenants
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