Califano v. Goldfarb
Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on behalf of the Social Security benefits program
Leon Goldfarb, on behalf of widowers seeking survivors benefits from the program
That the Social Security Act's gender-based distinction requiring widowers to prove that they were dependent on their spouses for at least half of their support in order to receive survivor benefits, did not discriminate against the deceased females.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
Keith A. Jones
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Justices for the Court
William J. Brennan, Jr. (writing for the Court), Thurgood Marshall, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., John Paul Stevens, Byron R. White
Harry A. Blackmun, Warren E. Burger, William H. Rehnquist, Potter Stewart
Date of Decision
5 October 1977
That the Social Security Act's gender-based distinction requiring widowers to prove that they were dependent on their spouses for at least half of their support in order to receive survivor benefits, discriminated against the deceased spouses by violating the Fifth Amendment's pledge of equal protection under the law.
- Arizona Governing Committee v. Norris, 463 U.S. 1073 (1983).
- Cohen, William, and John Kaplan. Constitutional Law: Civil Liberty and Individual Rights. Mineola, NY: The Foundation Press, 1982.
- Kauper, Paul G., and Francis X. Beytagh. Constitutional Law: Cases and Materials. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.
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