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Ingraham et al. v. Wright et al.

Significance, Cruel And Unusual Punishment?, "the Openness Of The School Environment", "punishments So Barbaric And Inhumane"


James Ingraham and Roosevelt Andrews, students at Drew Junior High School, Dade County, Florida


Willie J. Wright, principal at Drew Junior High School; Lemmie Deliford, assistant principal; Solomon Barnes, assistant to the principal; Edward L. Whigham, superintendent of the Dade County School System

Petitioners' Claim

That the corporal punishment they had received at Drew Junior High School had deprived them of their constitutional rights under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioners

Bruce S. Rogow

Chief Lawyer for Respondents

Frank A. Howard, Jr.

Justices for the Court

Harry A. Blackmun, Warren E. Burger, Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (writing for the Court), William H. Rehnquist, Potter Stewart

Justices Dissenting

William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, John Paul Stevens, Byron R. White


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

19 April 1977


That the punishment did not constitute a deprivation of the petitioners' constitutional rights--although its admitted severity might entitle them to criminal penalties in the Florida courts.

Related Cases

  • Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975).
  • Frost v. City and County of Honolulu, 584 F.Supp. 356 (1984).
  • Gelber By and Through Gelber v. Rozas, 584 F.Supp. 902 (1984).
  • Sweaney v. Ada County, Idaho, 119 F.3d 1385 (1997)
  • Township of West Orange v. Whitman, 8 F.Supp.2d 408 (1998).

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1973 to 1980