Hirabayashi v. United States
Significance, An Atmosphere Of Suspicion, A Waiver Of Rights?, Equal Protection Versus Winning A War
Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi
That following Japan's 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, Congress unconstitutionally delegated its power to a military commander by authorizing him to impose regulations set out by President Roosevelt's executive orders. And that the regulations set through the order unlawfully discriminated against Japanese Americans in violation of the Fifth Amendment.
Chief Lawyers for Petitioner
Frank L. Walters, Harold Evans
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, Robert H. Jackson, Frank Murphy, Stanley Forman Reed, Owen Josephus Roberts, Wiley Blount Rutledge, Harlan Fiske Stone (writing for the Court)
Date of Decision
21 June 1943
Affirmed the district court's conviction of Hirabayashi for knowingly disregarding military restrictions by finding those restrictions lawfully delegated by Congress and not in violation of the Fifth Amendment.
- Takao Ozawa v. United States, 260 U.S. 178 (1922).
- Toyosaburo Korematsu v. United States, 319 U.S. 432 (1943).
- Minoru Yasui v. United States, 320 U.S. 115 (1943).
- Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 500 U.S. 200 (1995).
- Hollywood Ten Trials: 1948-50 - Hollywood Divided Into Two Camps, The Right To Remain Silent, "i Would Hate Myself In The Morning"
- Hannegan v. Esquire - Significance
- Hirabayashi v. United States - Significance
- Hirabayashi v. United States - Further Readings
- Hirabayashi v. United States - An Atmosphere Of Suspicion
- Hirabayashi v. United States - A Waiver Of Rights?
- Hirabayashi v. United States - Equal Protection Versus Winning A War
- Hirabayashi v. United States - Impact
- Other Free Encyclopedias