less than 1 minute read

Maryland v. Wilson

Significance, A Bright Line Rule?, A Matter Of Safety, Differing Opinions, Impact, Further Readings


State of Maryland


Jerry Lee Wilson

Petitioner's Claim

Maryland maintained that passengers of a vehicle should be expected to exit a vehicle when requested by a law officer.

Justices for the Court

Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sandra Day O'Connor, William H. Rehnquist (writing for the Court), Antonin Scalia, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas

Justices Dissenting

Anthony M. Kennedy, John Paul Stevens


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

16 February 1997


The Supreme Court held that it was consistent with the Fourth Amendment for an officer making a traffic stop to order passengers to get out of the vehicle until the completion of the stop.

Related Cases

  • Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968).
  • United States v. Brignoni-Ponce, 422 U.S. 873 (1975).
  • Pennsylvania v. Mimms, 434 U.S. 106 (1977).
  • Michigan v. Long, 463 U.S. 1032 (1983).
  • Ohio v. Robinette, 433 U.S. 562 (1996).
  • Whren v. United States, 517 U.S. 806 (1996).

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1995 to Present