United States v. Payner
Significance, Illegal Actions, Federal Courts
That although gathered using an illegal search, the evidence against Jack Payner for falsifying a federal income tax return should not be suppressed and the conviction should not be set aside.
Chief Lawyer for Petitioner
Wade H. McCree, U.S. Solicitor General
Chief Lawyer for Respondent
Justices for the Court
Warren E. Burger, Lewis F. Powell, Jr. (writing for the Court), William H. Rehnquist, John Paul Stevens, Potter Stewart, Byron R. White
Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Jr., Thurgood Marshall
Date of Decision
23 June 1980
Overturned two lower courts' rulings that a federal court could use its supervisory power to exclude evidence seized illegally from a third party.
The refusal to exclude evidence gained through flagrantly illegal means illustrated the majority of the Court's dislike of the exclusionary rule. The early 1980s was a time when the Supreme Court began chipping away at the exclusionary rule, developing many exceptions to its application. Many of the justices wanted the rule abolished. Some members of Congress have proposed abolishing the exclusionary rule in federal court, but this has not yet occurred.
- Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928).
- Rakas v. Illinois, 439 U.S. 128 (1978).
- United States v. Caceres, 440 U.S. 741 (1979).
- Bloom, Robert M. "Judicial Integrity: A Call for Its Re-Emergence in the Adjudication of Criminal Cases." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, fall 1993, p. 462.
- Steiker, Carol S. "Counter-Revolution in Constitutional Criminal Procedure? Two Audiences, Two Answers." Michigan Law Review, August 1996, p. 2466.
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- United States v. Payner - Significance
- United States v. Payner - Illegal Actions
- United States v. Payner - Federal Courts
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