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Rochin v. California

Significance, Key Amendments In The Case, The Arrest And Conviction Of Rochin, The Supreme Court Hears The Case

Petitioner

Antonio Richard Rochin

Respondent

State of California

Petitioner's Claim

That the police violated his Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment rights to not give self-incriminating testimony and his right to due process of law when they induced vomiting to obtain two capsules of morphine, which they used as evidence to convict him.

Chief Lawyers for Petitioner

Dolly Lee Butler, A. L. Wirin

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Howard S. Goldin

Justices for the Court

Hugo Lafayette Black, Harold Burton, Tom C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter (writing for the Court), Robert H. Jackson, Stanley Forman Reed, Fred Moore Vinson

Justices Dissenting

None (Sherman Minton did not participate)

Place

Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

2 January 1952

Decision

The Court found that the police violated Rochin's right to due process of law by ordering a doctor to induce vomiting to obtain two capsules of morphine and therefore reversed his conviction.

Related Cases

  • Boyd v. United States, 116 U.S. 616 (1886).
  • Malinski v. New York, 324 U.S. 401 (1945).
  • Adamson v. California, 332 U.S. 46 (1947).
  • Irvine v. California, 347 U.S. 128 (1954).

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationNotable Trials and Court Cases - 1941 to 1953