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United States v. Alvarez-Machain

Significance, Abduction An Option, A Monstrous Decision, Impact, Further Readings


United States


Dr. Humberto Alvarez-Machain

Petitioner's Claim

That U.S. courts have jurisdiction over internationally abducted criminal defendants when not taken in explicit violation of an extradition treaty.

Chief Lawyer for Petitioner

Kenneth Winston Starr, U.S. Solicitor General

Chief Lawyer for Respondent

Paul L. Hoffman

Justices for the Court

Anthony M. Kennedy, William H. Rehnquist (writing for the Court), Antonin Scalia, David H. Souter, Clarence Thomas, Byron R. White

Justices Dissenting

Harry A. Blackmun, Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens


Washington, D.C.

Date of Decision

15 June 1992


Upheld the United States claim and overturned two lower court's decisions prohibiting the prosecution of a foreign national due to violation of the spirit of an extradition treaty.

Related Cases

  • United States v. Rauscher, 119 U.S. 407 (1886).
  • Ker v. Illinois, 119 U.S. 436 (1886).
  • Frisbie v. Collins, 342 U.S. 519 (1952).
  • Medina v. California, 505 U.S. 437 (1992).
  • Itel Containers International Corporation v. Huddleston, 113 S. Ct. 1095 (1993).

Additional topics

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