United States v. Lopez
Significance, Court Of Appeals Ruling, Supreme Court Ruling, Implications, Related Cases, Further Readings
Alfonso Lopez, Jr.
That it was left to Congress to decide what seriously affects interstate commerce and Congress found the Gun-Free School Zone Act constitutional under the Commerce Clause.
Justices for the Court
Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, William H. Rehnquist (writing for the Court), Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas
Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, David H. Souter, John Paul Stevens
Date of Decision
26 April 1995
The Court stated that Congress had overstepped the bounds of the Commerce Clause; the act was deemed unconstitutional.
Justice Breyer sought to explain Congress' rational basis for a connection between gun-related violence in schools and interstate commerce. His opinion held that such violence "significantly undermines the quality of education that is critical to economic prosperity" and that teaching and learning are linked to commerce, which is threatened by the presence of guns in schools.
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- United States v. Lopez - Significance
- United States v. Lopez - Further Readings
- United States v. Lopez - Court Of Appeals Ruling
- United States v. Lopez - Supreme Court Ruling
- United States v. Lopez - Implications
- United States v. Lopez - Related Cases
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