Lemon v. Kurtzman
Significance, Supreme Court Establishes The Lemon Test, Further Readings
Alton J. Lemon
David H. Kurtzman, Superintendent of Public Instruction of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
That state payment of teachers of secular subjects in parochial schools violates the First Amendment mandate of separation of church and state.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
Henry W. Sawyer III
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
J. Shane Creamer
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Jr., Warren E. Burger (writing for the Court), William O. Douglas, John Marshall Harlan II, Potter Stewart, Byron R. White
None (Thurgood Marshall did not participate)
Date of Decision
28 June 1971
The Supreme Court struck down the state laws enabling such payments.
- Everson v. Board of Education, 330 U.S. 1 (1947).
- McCollum v. Board of Education for District 71, 333 U.S. 203 (1948).
- Abington School District v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1963).
- Board of Education v. Allen, 392 U.S. 236 (1968).
- Aguilar v. Felton, 473 U.S. 402 (1985).
- Agostini v. Felton, 117 S. Ct. 1997 (1997).
- Lenny Bruce Trial: 1964 - Adjournment For Illness, Adjourned For Vacation
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- Lemon v. Kurtzman - Significance
- Lemon v. Kurtzman - Further Readings
- Lemon v. Kurtzman - Supreme Court Establishes The Lemon Test
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