West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
Significance, Supreme Court Holds That Compulsory Flag Ceremonies Violate Constitutional Guarantees Of Free Speech, The Flag Salute
West Virginia State Board of Education
That a state law mandating a daily salute of the American flag by public school children does not violate the First Amendment's guarantee of religious freedom.
Chief Lawyer for Appellant
W. Holt Wooddell
Chief Lawyer for Appellee
Hayden C. Covington
Justices for the Court
Hugo Lafayette Black, William O. Douglas, Robert H. Jackson (writing for the Court), Frank Murphy, Stanley Forman Reed, Owen Josephus Roberts
Felix Frankfurter, Wiley Blount Rutledge, Harlan Fiske Stone
Date of Decision
14 June 1943
The Supreme Court struck down the West Virginia flag salute law.
- Reynolds v. United States, 98 U.S. 145 (1879).
- Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586 (1940).
- Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972).
Eastland, Terry. Religious Liberty in the Supreme Court. Washington, DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1993.
- Curtis, Michael Kent, ed. The Constitution and the Flag. New York, NY: Garland, 1993.
- Newton, Merlin Owen. Armed with the Constitution: Jehovah's Witnesses in Alabama and the U.S. Supreme Court, 1939-1946. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1995.
- Stevens, Leonard A. Salute! The Case of the Bible vs. the Flag. New York, NY: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1973.
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- West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette - Significance
- West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette - Supreme Court Holds That Compulsory Flag Ceremonies Violate Constitutional Guarantees Of Free Speech
- West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette - The Flag Salute
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