Adler et al. v. Board of Education of the City of New York
Significance, The Feinberg Law
Two parents of school children, and four teachers
New York City Board of Education
The Supreme Court should invalidate the Feinberg Law, which declared it illegal for school teachers to "advocate, advise, teach, or embrace" the overthrow of the government by force and violence.
Chief Lawyer for Appellants
Osmond K. Fraenkel
Chief Lawyer for Appellees
Michael A Castaldi
Justices for the Court
Harold Burton, Tom C. Clark, Robert H. Jackson, Sherman Minton (writing for the Court), Stanley Forman Reed, Fred Moore Vinson
Hugo Lafayette Black, William O. Douglas, Felix Frankfurter
Date of Decision
3 March 1952
The Court affirmed lower court rulings that the Feinberg Law was constitutional.
- Gitlow v. New York, 268 U.S. 652 (1925).
- United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 330 U.S. 75 (1947).
- Garner v. Board of Public Works of the City of Los Angeles, 341 U.S. 716 (1951).
- Keyishian v. Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York, 385 U.S. 589 (1967).
Folts, James D. History of the University of the State of New York and the State Education Department, 1784-1996 (1996). http://unix2.nysed.gov.
- Emerson, Thomas I. The System of Freedom of Expression. New York: Random House, 1970.
- Kalvern, Harry. A Worthy Tradition: Freedom of Speech in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.
- Wiecek, William. Liberty under Law: The Supreme Court in American Life. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.
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