Ex parte Garland
Augustus H. Garland
That the act of Congress of 24 January 1865, which required all lawyers who practiced before a federal court to swear that they had no sympathy toward the Confederacy, was unconstitutional.
Chief Lawyers for Petitioner
Matthew H. Carpenter, Reverdy Johnson
Chief Lawyers for Respondent
Henry Stanbery, U.S. Attorney General; James Speed
Justices for the Court
Nathan Clifford, Stephen Johnson Field (writing for the Court), Robert Cooper Grier, Samuel Nelson, James Moore Wayne
Salmon Portland Chase, David Davis, Samuel Freeman Miller, Noah Haynes Swayne
Date of Decision
14 January 1867
Federal and state governments may not require loyalty oaths.
- Cummings v. Missouri, 4 Wall. 277 (1867).
- In re North, 62 F.3d 1434 (1994).
- In re Abrams, 689 A.2d 6 (1997).
- Biskupic, Joan, and Elder Witt, eds. Congressional Quarterly's Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court, 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1996.
- Johnson, John W. Historic U.S. Court Cases, 1690-1990: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, 1992.
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- Ephraim Avery Trial: 1833 - A Victim Of Questionable Morals?, A Crime In A Changing New England, Suicide Or Murder?
- Ex parte Garland - Significance
- Other Free Encyclopedias