A Long Ride, The Accusers, Legal Wrangling, Samuel Leibowitz, Second Chances, Continuing The Good Fight
In 1931 the United States was in the second year of the Great Depression (1929–41; the period, following the stock market crash in 1929, of depressed world economies and high unemployment). On March 25 in Chattanooga, Tennessee, a Southern Railroad freight train eased out of the station headed west. Dozens of people, men and women, black and white, jumped on board for a free ride. For nine young black men from the South, the ride would change their lives forever.
Olen Montgomery, Clarence Norris, Haywood Patterson, Ozie Powell, Willie Roberson, Charles Weems, Eugene Williams, Andy Wright, and Roy Wright ranged in age from twelve to twenty years. Five were from Georgia and four were teenagers from Tennessee. They had hopped the train in search of government work in Memphis, Tennessee. All nine were arrested for the alleged rape of two white women on the freight train. They were taken to jail in nearby Scottsboro, Alabama.
Most of the young men spent the next two decades in courtrooms and prisons and would become known as the Scottsboro Boys. Their case would change U.S. criminal law
and result in two important Supreme Court decisions affecting criminal procedure.
For More Information
Carter, Dan T. Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
Goodman, James. Stories of Scottsboro. New York: Pantheon Books, 1994.
Patterson, Haywood, and Earl Conrad. Scottsboro Boy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1950.
"Scottsboro: An American Tragedy." PBS Online. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/index.html (accessed on August 15, 2004).
"Scottsboro Boys." Decatur/Morgan County Convention & Visitors Bureau. http://www.decaturcvb.org/Pages/Press/scotboy.html (accessed on August 15, 2004).
- Scottsboro Trial - History Of The Scottsboro Boys, Things To Remember While Reading Excerpts From "scottsboro Case Goes To The Jury":
- Scientific Evidence - Contributing Factors, Novel Scientific Evidence, Frye V. United States, Relevancy Test, Reliability Test
- Scottsboro Boys - A Long Ride
- Scottsboro Boys - The Accusers
- Scottsboro Boys - Legal Wrangling
- Scottsboro Boys - Samuel Leibowitz
- Scottsboro Boys - Second Chances
- Scottsboro Boys - Continuing The Good Fight
- Scottsboro Boys - The Aftermath
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