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Taxation

Kinds Of Taxes, Federal Tax, State Tax, Equality, Uniformity

The process whereby charges are imposed on individuals or property by the legislative branch of the federal government and by many state governments to raise funds for public purposes.

The theory that underlies taxation is that charges are imposed to support the government in exchange for the general advantages and protection afforded by the government to the taxpayer and his or her property. The existence of government is a necessity that cannot continue without financial means to pay its expenses; therefore, the government has the right to compel all citizens and property within its limits to share its costs. The state and federal governments both have the power to impose taxes upon their citizens.

FURTHER READINGS

Reid, John Phillip, 2003. Constitutional History of the American Revolution: The Authority to Tax. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press.

Additional topics

Law Library - American Law and Legal InformationFree Legal Encyclopedia: Taking at sea to Tonkin Gulf Resolution